My visit to the Louvre museum will cover several periods of the History of France and the History of Art. It is unfortunately impossible to visit the whole museum at once. We will cross in part the three wings that make up the museum: Denon, Richelieu and Sully. However we will spend more time in the Denon wing where are some of the essentials.
The visit of the Louvre will revolve around the major works then we will move away from the crowd to finish in the Richelieu wing through Sully wing which has the quietness that is expected in a museum. We will see the Greek and Roman antiques, the French and Italian paintings as well as some rooms of the former royal palace of the Louvre. We will have the opportunity to see some Egyptian and Oriental antiquities (Mesopotamian rooms) as well as French sculptures.
What we will necessarily see:
The Mona Lisa, Venus of Milo, winged Victory of Samothrace, coronation of Napoleon, wedding of Cana, the Liberty guiding the people, gallery of Apollo, the medieval Louvre , the great Sphinx of Tanis, the grande gallery.
What we will see eventually:
Egyptian antiques, French sculptures in the Puget and Marly courtyards, Mesopotamian rooms, artefacts and French furniture, Napoleon III style apartments, Impressionist paintings …
My visits are tailor-made. If you have children I can organize a treasure hunt with a special booklet. If you rather want to discover the furniture rooms or the Egyptian rooms or something else, it is better to inform me at the beginning of the visit.
The Louvre Museum was created in 1793 during the French Revolution. It was successively a fortress, royal palace, seat of academies, artists’ residence, Ministry of Finance.
The origin of the Louvre goes back to the 1200s. While King Philip II Augustus prepares to go on a crusade, he asks the Parisians to build a wall to protect the city during his absence. The danger came from the west, from Normandy, then English possession. Besides, Philip Augustus goes on a crusade with his best enemy, the king of England Richard lion’s heart. It is at the return of this crusade that Richard will be held prisoner in Austria (see Robin Hood with Errol Flynn). The Louvre is then a fortress forming part of the enclosure of Philippe Auguste. Subsequently, the Louvre will be used as a prison, a library, the royal treasury will be kept there and finally King Charles V will make his residence during the 100 year war, around 1360. Indeed, Charles V enlarged the limits of Paris by building a new wall on the right bank. The Louvre is then found in the heart of the city and loses any function of fortress.
Having become the main royal residence in Paris, the Louvre will undergo a revival at the time of Francis I around 1530. The fortress is destroyed and replaced by a royal palace of Renaissance style. The work will not stop until the 20th century. Under Henry II will be built the Caryatids room and his wife, Catherine de Medici, built outside the boundaries of Paris a new castle: the Tuileries. From Henri IV, around 1590, the project will be to bring the Louvre to the Tuileries.
Several kings and emperors will contribute to the grand project and it is finally the president François Mitterrand who will complete the works started under François Ier.
THE LOUVRE IN FIGURES
400,000 works of art
Only 35,000 are exposed
In 2018 the museum received 10 million visitors.
Every day, there are an average of 15,000 visitors.
On busy days they are nearly 35,000.
95% of visitors especially want to see the Mona Lisa and famous works such as the Venus de Milo, the Victory of Samothrace or the coronation of Napoleon …
Museum area: 153,090 m2
Building area: 210,000 m2
Roof area: 68,000 m2
There are a total of 403 exhibition halls covering an area of 68,000m2.
The total distance of the museum is 14,5 Km.
10,000 is the number of steps.
PRICE : 240€ + 17€ for each ticket. Free admission for under 18.
This tour doesn't include entrance tickets
Highlights of this tour:
Italian and French paintings : Da Vinci, Veronese, Titien, David, Delacroix…
Greeks and Romans antiques : Venus de Milo, Niké of Samothrace…
Architecture : Room of the Cariatides, Galery of Apolo, Apartments Napoléon III…